How intervertebral hernia is formed
When osteochondrosis intervertebral discs degrade, gradually destroyed. They become thinner, lose elasticity, which leads to mobility of the vertebrae. As a result, when a spinal cord is loaded on the spine, it is easily injured, microcracks appear, which further aggravates the situation.
Subsequently, a protrusion of cartilage arises beyond the vertebral body, the so-called protrusion. At first, protrusion does not manifest itself when a person is lying, but only occurs in an upright position, while sitting or walking. Gradually, the protrusion increases and becomes permanent.
Another type of intervertebral hernia is associated with prolapse - vertebral prolapse. More often it happens in the back direction, since the longitudinal ligament of the spine is stronger in front than the back.
One of the most common causes of the formation of an intervertebral hernia is excessive exercise when lifting or dramatically extending the spine.
Injuries such as falling and hitting the spine can lead to the destruction of the disc, which ultimately can also lead to a hernia.
The cause of the intervertebral hernia of the lumbosacral spine can be both excessive loads and insufficient physical activity. The power of the intervertebral disk occurs due to diffusion that occurs during movements. Modern man leads a sedentary lifestyle, therefore the disks do not receive sufficient nutrition, their strength decreases and the risk of an intervertebral hernia increases.
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