How to grow seedlings of peppers
You will need
- Pepper seeds, growth stimulant, capacity for seedlings, nutritious soil, water, fertilizers.
First pre-treatment of pepper seeds. For swelling, place the seeds in water at +50 � C. Keep them in water for no more than 5 hours. Then place the seeds on a damp cloth. As it dries, moisten it with an atomizer. After 2-3 days, the seeds should turn. Such simple measures contribute to the emergence of pepper shoots within a couple of days after planting. It is popular to soak pepper seeds in a growth promoter. Do this in accordance with the instructions. The growth stimulator affects the seed germination rate and also helps future seedlings to withstand adverse environmental conditions.
For planting pepper requires a substrate consisting of two parts of humus, one part of the earth and one part of sand. On 1 kg of prepared soil, add 1 tbsp. ash. Seeding depth: 0.5-1 cm. If possible, sow the pepper not in boxes, but in individual peat pots.After sowing, carefully pour the soil, cover the box with plastic wrap or glass and place in a dark place. The temperature in the room should not be less than +22 � C.
When shoots appear, lower the temperature to +18 � C for a week. This will prevent stretching of the plants. After that, raise the temperature again to +25 + 30 � C. Water the pepper seedlings as the substrate dries, but not often. Too frequent watering can lead to a disease such as blackleg. Water for irrigation use separated, its temperature should be about +30 � C. Watering with cold water will make the seedlings weak, it can get sick and die.
If the air in the room is very dry, be sure to spray the plants. Protect seedlings from drafts during ventilation. If you planted pepper in February, note that the light day during this period is still very short. Therefore, additionally highlight the seedlings with fluorescent lamps from 7 am to 10 pm. As soon as the seedlings have four true leaves, pick them into a separate container. Transplant to the same substrate. During a dive, keep a clod of earth on the roots near the plant.So it is better to take root in a new place. Repot only viable and strong plants, and throw away weak ones.
Plant the pepper in the greenhouse at the end of May, and in the open ground - at the beginning of June, when the danger of frost is completely passed. For planting, make holes 25-30 cm deep. Before planting, throw a superphosphate granule into each well and pour it with water. Plant pepper in cool weather, preferably in the morning. At first, protect the transplanted plant from sunlight. Water the pepper in a timely manner and weed the soil from the weeds. Be sure to loosen the soil so that oxygen can flow to the roots. When planting in a greenhouse, place garter pegs next to the growing pepper.
The first dressing produce a week after landing in the ground. Fertilizer consumption: 0.5 grams of ammonium nitrate, 3 grams of superphosphate, 1 gram of potassium per liter of water. Make a second feeding in two weeks, double the amount of fertilizer. As for organic fertilizers, chicken manure will do. For the entire season you need to make 3-4 dressing diluted chicken droppings. The ratio is: 1 part of the litter per 10 parts of water.Mineral and organic supplements should be alternated.
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