How to make a roof

The most crucial moment in the construction of the building is the construction of the roof. The process of erecting a gable roof. 1. In order to build a roof, we need a forest - parallel bars and edged board.
 beams and edging boards
2. We lay out the bars under the beams around the perimeter of the roof. Timber we use 50 * 150 mm.
 Lay out the bars
3. In order for the beams not to rot, it is necessary to waterproof them against the wall. To do this, prepare the ruberoid.
 to make their waterproofing
4. Roofing material bend to the required length and cut with a thread.
 Bend the Ruberoid
5. Waterproofing elements for beams prepared.
 for beams prepared
6. We fix beams on the necessary distance from the edge of the wall.  Set the beams
7.To fix the waterproofing on the beams, we need a stapler.
 To fix waterproofing
8. We put waterproofing under the beam.
 We lay waterproofing under the beam
9. We wrap the beam with roofing paper and fix it with a stapler.
 We wrap the beam with roofing material
10. We carry out such works with each beam.
 We wrap the beam with roofing material
11. The distance between the beams should be equal.
 should be equal to
12. So that the beams do not move between them and it was convenient to move around the future roof, we fix them with boards.
 fix them with boards

13. Lay out the blocks around the perimeter of the wall for further lining of the beams.
 Lay out the blocks
14.We make the facing of beams.
 We produce the beams' facings
15. To make a truss system, you need a bar of 50 * 100 mm, in which you need to make sawn and sawing at a certain angle.
 sawing and sawing
16. In order to produce such works, it is necessary to expand the bars so that they repeat the contour of the future truss system.
 you need to expand the bars
17. We measure the length on which the extreme points of the base of the rafter will be located on the template bar.
 We measure on the bar template
18. We bring the ridge part of the rafters together until the corners of the timber touch.
 bring it together
19. In the ridge part on both sides we mark with a pencil the line of contact of the bar.
 mark the pencil line
20. In order to make the sole rafters,it is necessary to attach a bar on top and mark the line with a pencil.
 make the base of the rafters
21. The base of the rafters is marked.
 The base of the rafters is marked
22. Sawing along the intended line.
 Sawing along the intended line
23. The ridge part is marked.
 The ridge part is marked up
24. In the ridge part we produce equal half-width of the timber.
 produce gash
25. We produce zapilya with a regular frequency from the marked line to the edge of the beam.
 We make gashes at a regular frequency
26. Use a hammer or an ax to remove excess wood.
 With a hammer
27. Using the chisel we align the surface of the two bars that will fold.
 align the surface
28.The bars are stacked in the ridge part.
 Bars are folded in the ridge part
29. Rafters are prepared for installation.
 Rafters prepared for installation
30. In order to install the rafters exactly, you need to pull the cord.
 set rafters exactly
31. Focusing on this cord, we drive a nail into each beam.
 Focusing on this cord
32. In the ridge part of the rafters we hammer in a nail that will fasten the rafters to each other.
 hammer a nail
33. Install rafters that will rest against the nail-limiter.
 Install rafters
34. Then we fix the first rafter.
 Then we fix the first rafter
35.Fasten the rafter base to the beams with nails of 150 or 200 mm.
 Fasten the sole
36. Subsequent rafters are fixed between each other using slats.
 is fixed to each other
37. When all roof rafters are installed, it is necessary to produce a crate. To do this, we hammer nails into certain rafters along the length of the board (batten) at an equal distance from each other.
 roof rafters installed
38. On the hammered nails we support the board of the crate. We beat the board to each rafter with the help of 2 100 mm nails.
 hammered nails rest the board
39. The roof lathing is ready.
 The roof lathing is ready
40. The next step is to remove the excess parts of the beams.
 need to remove extra
41. To do this, with the help of a square we draw the cutting line.
 draw the cut line
42.Cut the excess part of the beam.
 Cut the excess part of the beam
43. Such works are made with all beams.  Such work is done with all the beams 44. We cover the roof with slate and set the skates.
 How to make a roof with your own hands


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