TIPS TO THE HOSTER

Cooking

  • To dumplings or dumplings do not stick together, add a little vegetable oil to the water and periodically stir them with a slotted spoon.
  • To make the meat juicy, it is salted only at the end of cooking. When cooking, the meat is put into cold water, if they want to get a good broth, and boiling - if you need juicy boiled meat.
  • When frying products are put on a preheated pan with hot oil, otherwise they will stick. You can not add cold oil in the process of frying - it will quit.
  • The slower the soup is cooked and the smaller its volume, the tastier it will be. Boil the soup is better in a pot with thick walls.
  • Porridge is cooked in a closed saucepan, without opening the lid and stirring. In fact, porridge is cooked by steam.
  • All beans before cooking need to soak, otherwise they will cook for a very long time. Salt them only at the end of cooking.
  • If you make a batter with distilled water, it will be smooth and dense. A batter prepared with mineral water is loose and airy.
  • Meat is usually breaded in vegetable oil, a loaf is in milk, and black bread is in oil. Meat cutlets and fish is best breaded in flour.
  • To make the yeast dough come faster, stick some cocktail tubes into it. It will not stick to hands if it is smeared with vegetable oil.
  • Slightly burnt pastries can be saved by cooling it down, and then gently scrape the burnt area with a small float.
  • In mashed potatoes you can add only warm milk, from cold milk it gets an unpleasant grayish shade.
  • Peeled potatoes will cook faster and become crumbly if held under a stream of very cold water.
  • The bird will cook faster if you rub it on the outside and inside with lemon before cooking. The same result will be obtained if before cooking it is allowed to stand for 2-3 hours in a mixture consisting of equal parts of water and vinegar.
  • To quickly cook meat soup, cut the meat across the fibers in the form of large noodles or cook a meatball out of it.
  • So that the food that you are steaming cooks faster, salt the water in which the saucepan is standing: this way you will raise its boiling point.
  • If you want to quickly cool any dessert or dish, put them in containers with cold salt water.
  • Raw peeled potatoes, cut into small pieces, when cooked in a pan under the lid will be ready much faster than in the open form.
  • To cook vegetables faster, you need to put 1 teaspoon of vegetable oil in water.
  • To cook the beets faster, wash it, peel off the skin, cut into cubes, put in a pan and cover it with hot water so that it only covers the vegetable. Cook under the lid, stirring occasionally and slowly adding water. By the time it is ready, the water should boil off almost completely. Then add to the pot 1 teaspoon of vinegar to restore the color of the beets and mix.Back to top

Weighing without weights

In a thin glass:

  • 250 g of water, milk, sour cream,
  • 200 grams of sugar, potato starch, semolina, buckwheat,
  • 160 g of wheat flour, rice. beans, peas. millet, barley
  • 230 g of Hercules,
  • 245 g melted butter
  • 210 g butter,
  • 240 grams of vegetable oil
  • 325 grams of honey
  • 330 g of jam.

In a tablespoon:

  • 20 grams of water, honey, milk, melted butter, vegetable oil
  • 25 g sour cream, butter, granulated sugar, flour, soda
  • 30 grams of salt, potato starch
  • 15 g vinegar, margarine.

In a teaspoon:

  • 7-8 g of cereals
  • 5g of water, milk, vinegar, ghee, vegetable oil, margarine
  • 10 g flour, sugar, salt, butter, sour cream.
  • A medium-sized tomato, apple, potato, and cucumber weigh about the same - about 100 g. Carrots, onions - 75 g. Head of cabbage - 1500 g. Color - 750 g. An egg without shell weighs 43 g, a piece of sugar - 9.Back to top

Cleaning

  • To painted floors glistened, they can be washed with water and ammonia (1-2 tablespoons per bucket of water). Neither soap nor soda is added - they will make the paint dull.
  • For the carpets to serve for a long time, you need to properly care for them. Carpet is best cleaned with a vacuum cleaner 1-2 times a week. If there is no vacuum cleaner, get a separate broom for the carpet.
  • Soot got on the carpet. Sprinkle salt on the stain, and after an hour it will be easy to clean the soot with a brush.
  • In no case should dust and dirt from lacquered and polished furniture surfaces be removed with a wet rag or hot water. It is necessary to wipe the furniture with a soft, dry and clean flannel, cloth or a special “Cosiness” napkin.
  • To make the scratches on furniture less noticeable, take a small brush, moisten it with a weak iodine solution and wipe the scratches.
  • On polished tables from hot objects may be white spots.They can be removed as follows. The stain is rubbed with a piece of paraffin with wax, covered with a pass paper and pressed down with a hot iron. If the spot does not come off the first time, this method is repeated. Then a good wipe the table with a soft cloth, and the polishing will be restored.
  • To keep moth fur, soak a cotton swab in kerosene and put it in a fur hat or fur collar.
  • Wash the bath or sink after cold water immediately hot or vice versa - should not be. From the unequal expansion of the material from which these objects are made, and enamels on the enamel coating, cracks form, then they turn black.
  • From the wall in the bathroom a few tiles bounced. Clean them of cement, grease with white oil or any oil paint and press firmly: the tile will hold very firmly.
  • If there is a gap in the ceiling or walls, take a carpenter's liquid glue, add tooth powder or finely grated chalk. Cover this gap with this putty. In a day the putty will harden.
  • When making repairs, please note that the room looks higher if the wallpaper is glued without a gap to the ceiling itself.
  • The blisters on the wallpaper are removed if they are ironed after drying out with a slightly heated iron.
  • For washing painted floors in warm water, add 1-2 tablespoons of ammonia to a bucket of water. Ammonia alcohol gives shine to the paint. You can not wash the floor with soap and soda - from them, the oil paint fades.
  • The floors covered with linoleum are washed with warm water, without adding soda - the gloss is lost from it, the color is discolored. From time to time linoleum is useful to rub. To do this, the special paste “Turpentine”, “Self-gloss”, “Emulsion” will do.
  • To wash the mirror, you can prepare the composition: 1 glass of water, 1 tablespoon of vinegar, 20 g of chalk (tooth powder), mix everything and boil. Let stand. Clean the liquid in the bottle, and if necessary, wipe the mirror with it.
  • Glasses will shine if kerosene is added to water (1 tablespoon per 1 liter of water).
  • To avoid fogging windows in winter, you need to wipe the glass with a cloth moistened with a solution of 1 part of purified glycerin and 20 parts of alcohol.
  • Wash or rub glass at least once a month. Glasses wiped with a mixture of 3 parts of water, 7 parts of glycerol and a few drops of ammonia are less dirty.
  • In order for the window to sparkle, wash it with water with the addition of starch.Frozen window can be cleaned with a solution of salt. Opaque glasses are washed with hot water and vinegar.
  • Defrost the refrigerator every 3 weeks. To do this, remove all products, then unplug the refrigerator, leave the doors open. Ice and snow should melt themselves, do not accelerate this process with a knife. Wash the refrigerator with a solution of baking soda (1 tablespoon of soda for 1 liter of water), wipe with a soft cloth, and when it dries out, plug it back into the net and put the food into it.
  • To prevent unpleasant odors in the refrigerator, its inside should be washed at least twice a month with warm water with the addition of baking soda (a tablespoon per 1 l of water), and then cleaned and ventilated for half an hour.
  • Rust can be removed using hydrogen peroxide mixed with 10% ammonia. Copper products are well cleaned with raw potatoes.
  • If you put a new broom in hot salted water or soak it in salt water for 2-3 hours, it will last you longer.
  • Broom disheveled. Hold it for a few minutes over a pan of boiling water - it will become like new.
  • To avoid unpleasant odors in cabinets, place natural ground coffee there. You can get rid of the specific smell of the bread box by washing it with a solution of vinegar. To prevent an unpleasant odor in the refrigerator, it is washed with a solution of vinegar or baking soda, wiped and ventilated.
  • To remove carbon deposits on the burners, ignite them on high heat. Do not forget to open the window!
  • To make kitchen towels easier to wash, soak them before washing in warm water, after adding some vinegar to it.Back to top

Washing and cleaning dishes

  • Knives, meat grinders and other metal objects, after using for cooking fish dishes, are first washed with cold water and salt, then rinsed with hot water.
  • The dishes, in which there were raw eggs, dough, jam, fish, first washed with cold water, and only then hot.
  • Aluminum dishes will be brilliant if you add a few drops of ammonia to the water when washing.
  • Porcelain dishes can not be washed with very hot water, so as not to spoil the pattern.
  • So that the dishes do not smell of fish, wipe it with dry mustard before washing.
  • Polished surfaces are cleaned with a soft cloth or sponge in warm water and soap.
  • You can not keep the knives on a hot plate and other hot items, they are blunt from this.
  • To rid the knife of the smell of fish, wipe it with potatoes or carrots. You can also use a cloth dampened with vinegar or vegetable oil. The same helps with the onion smell.
  • To remove stains from china, rinse with warm water and some ammonia.
  • Stable stains from knives and forks are removed with lemon juice.
  • To remove stains from burnt milk, pour water into a saucepan, add 2-3 tablespoons of baking soda and boil for a few minutes. Then wash.
  • To clean the enameled water tank from sediment, pour salt water into it, adding vinegar to it, and let stand for several hours.
  • To remove the darkening of the enamelled container, fill it with hot water, adding soda (a teaspoon to a glass). Soak for several hours, then wipe with salt and rinse.
  • You can save the shine of polished dishes for a long time, if you periodically clean it with special pastes or tooth powder.
  • Spots on the hands of vegetables are removed first with pumice, and then with lemon juice.
  • After staying in the oven, brown stains may appear on the dishes; to remove them, the dishes are cleaned several times with sodium chloride in the intervals between the cleanings, rinsing is necessary.
  • Vessels with a narrow throat are well washed with crushed eggshell.
  • Darkening of the metal pots are removed by boiling in them cleanings of sour fruits (apples, pears).
  • To clear the kettle from scale it is not necessary to buy special tools. Boil water with citric acid in the kettle, let it stand for 10-15 minutes, then drain and just rinse the kettle. Boil water in the kettle with the addition of 1-2 tbsp. spoon vinegar, then also just rinse the kettle.Back to top

Cleaning the drain

  • To eliminate the clogging of the drain pipes, resort to mechanical cleaning methods. Your best helpers will be a rubber plunger, ruff or wire. Also for cleaning pipes, there are special tools that are available in the form of liquid, powder or granules. Pour or pour a little in the drain hole of the sewer pipe (bathtub, sink or toilet) and leave it for a while. Then rinse thoroughly with running water.
  • Pour 1 cup of salt and 1 cup of baking soda into the drain hole of the water supply, and then pour boiling water. If the problem is only in fat residues, then it is usually usually immediately dissolved. But for more effective results do not use the drain for several hours.
  • Dissolve 2 tbsp. l. Soda ash in 1 cup of hot water and slowly pour it into the water pipe. After 10 minutes, flush thoroughly with a jet of hot water.Back to top

Stain removal

  • Stains from oil paints are best removed with a mixture of gasoline, acetone and turpentine in equal parts.
  • Fresh ink stains on clothes are quickly reduced with milk.
  • Well-cleaned ammonia collar jackets, sleeves, collars with raincoats.
  • Wipe stains from dampness on cloth with a cloth moistened with yogurt in serum.
  • Black velvet is brushed at the beginning with a brush slightly moistened with kerosene, and then a dry, clean brush. Allow the dress to air out to smell the kerosene, and straighten it by holding it over the steam.
  • To clean suede shoes, they must be wiped with a cloth moistened with water and ammonia, and then walk on them with a rubber aunt or a very fine emery cloth.
  • Rusty spots on the white cloth are removed with a solution of hydrosulfite (1 part to 10 parts of water).
  • For painted products hydrosulfite can not be used, as it discolor the fabric.
  • For colored fabrics used a mixture of equal parts of glycerin and grated soap. In this mixture add a little water to obtain a homogeneous mass and cover it with a stain for a day, then wash it off with water.
  • A simple remedy for removing grass stains is a salt solution (a teaspoon of salt for 0.5 glass of water).
  • On clothes, linen and fabrics there may be fatty, ink stains from food, resin, oil paint, soot, tar, eau de cologne, etc. These stains can not always be removed during normal washing, therefore, they are cleaned with special compositions before washing.
  • How to remove stains on carpets? From coffee, cocoa, tea - cold water with glycerin (1 tablespoon of glycerin per 1 liter of water). Stains from beer, wine, liquor are brought out with warm water and detergent “Bio-C”. Moisten a tampon with this solution and rub it with a spot, then rinse with warm water and vinegar (1 tsp for 0.5 liter of water).
  • If the shoe polish is dry, add a few drops of milk, it will soften.At the same time the cream gives a good shine, it is better absorbed into the skin of the shoe.
  • The zipper lock in the shoes will last longer if it is oiled with vegetable oil or greasy hand cream.
  • New shoes sometimes give a burning sensation, especially in warm weather. In this case, it is recommended to wipe the shoes from the inside with water mixed with vinegar.Back to top

 

Wash

  • When you wash your winter woolen clothes, add a teaspoon of glycerin to the last one when rinsing. Woolen things will become softer.
  • If you are washing the car in colored clothes, add 2-3 tablespoons of plain salt to the water. Things do not fade, the colors will become brighter.
  • Clothing made of synthetic fabrics requires constant and proper care. It is necessary to wash and clean it more often than products from natural fibers. If the dress was worn 5-6 times, it should be washed. This is due to the fact that light electrolysing of the tissue leads to an intense attraction of dust particles, and the ability of synthetic fibers to absorb fat skin discharges - to the rapid contamination of the inner surface of clothing.
  • Wiping things out of woolen jersey, put a tablespoon of drinking soda into the water: it will refresh the color, products, eliminate the smell of sweat.Then rinse things thoroughly.
  • White socks, knee-high socks are perfectly washed if they are soaked for 1-2 hours in water, to which 1-2 tablespoons of boric acid are added.
  • To make terry towels and bathrobes fluffy, keep them after washing in salted water and do not iron.
  • When washing tulle curtains, a little milk can be added to the blue ink solution, which will make the curtains look like new.
  • To whiten clothes while boiling, pour 1 tablespoon of liquid ammonia per 10 liters of water.
  • Washing small things on the road, the hotel is most convenient to lead in a plastic bag, stretching it in his hands. This allows for soaking, saves detergents and significantly reduces the risk of damaging, for example, stockings or pantyhose.
  • An unpleasant job is washing the handkerchiefs. Try this method: throw a handful of salt in a basin with warm water, soak the scarves for about two hours, then rinse.
  • Woolen or silk fabrics, as well as materials from artificial fibers when ironing, do not moisturize. Iron them on the reverse side through cotton fabric with a moderately heated iron (temperature not higher than 150 ° C).
  • In order for new jeans to retain a bright color longer, before washing for the first time, soak them for 12 hours in a strong solution of table salt. If you wash your jeans in a washing machine, turn them inside out - they will last you longer.
  • To restore the original color to the white socks, soak them for a couple of hours in a solution of boric acid (1-2 tablespoons boric acid per 10 liters of water).
  • If you need to wash a down jacket in a washing machine, when washing, put a few balls for tennis in the machine drum. This is necessary so that during the rinsing and the push-ups, the down does not pile up - the balls will help to evenly distribute it over the product. Down jackets are washed at a temperature of 40 ° C.
  • To prevent black things from tarnishing, add a pinch of salt to the water during the last rinse. The same technique works when rinsing things from bright or dark chiffon and silk - you need to add 25 g of salt per 1 liter of water when rinsing.
  • Yellow and blue color of silk perfectly refreshes a decoction of orange peels (dry or fresh). A blue and bright red fabric will help keep the rinse in water with the addition of baking soda.
  • Also, salted water will help when washing colored underwear (so that it does not fade) and darkened from time tulle curtains.Only in this case, in warm salted water, it is necessary not to rinse, but soak.
  • Flannel things can not be washed with soap, just rubbing them with a piece of soap. For washing such clothes need a soap solution with the addition of glycerin (for 10 liters of water - 1 tbsp glycerin).
  • To suede gloves retain the "marketable" look, they need to be washed in warm soapy water, wearing on his hands. Thoroughly rinse the gloves, they need to get wet with a towel and smear with glycerin. Drying suede gloves should be in a cool and dark place. When the gloves are dry, they need to be put on and cleaned again with a soft brush.
  • If buttons on clothes have lost their shine from frequent washes, cover them with colorless nail polish - they will shine like new again!
  • Knitted things for drying is better not to hang, and lay out so that they do not stretch and do not deform. If the knitted jacket has nowhere to expand, but it is necessary to dry, pass the towel through the sleeves of the jacket and attach it with clothespins at the collar and cuffs.
  • If you add a pinch of salt to the starch, the starched laundry will shine better. But underwear, handkerchiefs, starch towels for the face is not recommended.
  • it is best to dry clothes in the fresh air: it dries qualitatively, without “iron” folds; ironing such linen is nice and fast. It is better to take off linen slightly damp.
  • It is better not to squeeze the washed men's shirts, but to dry them on the shoulder; pat them in this order: back, collar, yoke, sleeves, shelves.
  • Jeans should be washed, turned inside out and zipped up at a temperature not higher than 40 ° C. Do not twist them.
  • Sweaters with a somewhat wooly coat can be returned to their original appearance, washed them in water, in which a few hours soaked beans.
  • To make terry bathrobes and towels fluffy, after washing, hold them a little in salted water and do not iron.
  • When washing men's shirts, which are most contaminated with collars and cuffs, add a little hydrogen peroxide to the laundry detergent. The temperature during washing should be high - 85-90 ° С.
  • Kapron stockings and tights will last longer if they are boiled before wearing.
  • Colored items fade less if salt is added to the washing solution. Water temperature should not be higher than 60 ° С.
  • Before washing, a skirt with a lot of folds is recommended to sweep through the folds of large loose stitches with a thin thread - then it will be easier to iron.
  • Fresh ink stains on clothes are quickly excreted with milk.
  • When washing the curtains, it is recommended to add a little milk to the blue ink solution - the curtains will become like new ones.Back to top

Ironing

  • Woolen and semi-woolen things are patted dry, but through a damp cloth at a temperature of no higher. 180 ° C. Do not iron the same place until the fabric through which it is applied is completely dry.
  • Flax and cotton are difficult to iron. It is advisable not to overdry them. Linen is usually ironed slightly wet from the front. If it is dry, it is better to sprinkle it with hot water before ironing. Only places with embroidery, in order not to deprive it of relief, are stroked from the wrong side. In the same way you can iron clothes made of cotton or flax.
  • Velvet ironing from the inside out, without strong pressure, slightly moistening. It is advisable at the same time to put something soft. If the corduroy things are ironed from the front side, this should be done carefully, with a warm iron, preferably on weight. Stroking it with a stiff brush, hold it against the nap to raise it.
  • Smooth knit knit through a damp cloth, without pressing, steaming slightly.
  • Silk knitwear is better not to iron.It is enough to pull the product while it is still wet in the right directions in order to return it to the correct shape.
  • Things from a boucle and embossed knit should not be ironed. If the knitwear is healed, it is not ironed, but gently steamed on the weight.
  • Lace must be ironed wet, inside out, laying on a soft blanket. Relief edge is better to attach pins to a blanket.
  • For viscose, only dry ironing is possible, otherwise stains will appear on the product.
  • Natural and artificial silk fabrics iron necessarily from the inside and not very hot iron.
  • Artificial silk can not be sprayed with water - stains will remain.
  • Velvet, suede and plush ironing is not recommended.
  • Before you start ironing, run the iron on a clean, dry cloth to make sure that the sole of the iron is clean and not overheated.
  • Large items, such as sheets, must be folded in width in half, face up. Smoothing one side, flip the sheet over and flatten the other side.
  • On small things, first smooth the edges, and only then the middle.
  • Things with fringe (tablecloths, towels) should be shaken before ironing so that the fringe can be straightened.Back to top

 

Removing scoria and other ironing defects

  • The gloss, which appeared on the suit from the frequent ironing, can be removed under a stream of steam (from the tip of the boiling kettle) or wiped the filled places with a cotton swab dipped in tea brewing.
  • The burrs with flaxen things will disappear if you soak the products in half with sour milk in water at night.
  • To remove tan, cotton things should be soaked in cold water for an hour and then wiped with a solution of 1 tsp of bleach in 1 glass of water and rinsed thoroughly.
  • If there is an iron burn on the silk fabric, you need to quickly make a slurry of soda and water and wipe the stain with it. When dry, soda should be cleaned with a brush, and rinse the thing in cold water.
  • An onion will help to remove the stain of burns from any other fabric: wipe the stain with a half of the bulb and wash it with water and soap or detergent.
  • Strongly tanned places slightly dampen with hydrogen peroxide and put the thing in the sun, and after a few minutes, rinse in cold water.
  • The burrs can be removed by wetting them with lemon juice, and sprinkling them with powdered sugar on top. After some time, the powder must be rinsed with cold water.
  • Tear spots with cold water, sprinkle with salt and expose to the sun.After some time, salt shake off, and the cloth water in water.
  • For those who do not like to adjust the arrows on the pants. To rub the arrows of the trousers (from the inside, of course) with a thin piece of dry soap. Then, as usual, steam the pants through cheesecloth. And how would you or your other half not squeezed the pants - the arrows will be perfect!Back to top

Maintenance and storage of clothing

  • If leather gloves are cramped, wrap them in a wet cloth for several. Hours, then put on your hands and in this form dry.
  • Leather gloves sometimes fade from the inside out and stain hands. Rub talcum powder on the back side and your hands will stay clean.
  • To protect the white fur from yellowing, in the summer it should be stored in a bag or blue cover.
  • Do not hang up woolen clothing that has just been removed from your wardrobe. It must first be aired and dust free.
  • Wet woolen clothes should not be dried near heating. From the heat the fabric loses its natural properties.
  • Do not hang clothes on the back of a chair, from this it loses its shape. Coming from the street, immediately hang a coat or dress on the hangers, which must match the shape and size of the clothes. Short shoulders extended sleeves, long - will make dents on them.
  • To dress with a large neckline does not slip from the shoulders, cover them with a cloth.
  • How to make shoes waterproof. To do this, prepare a special mass. It is done this way: melt 1 pound of soap on fire and half a pound of resin (1 pound = 0.40951241 kg). This not fully cooled mass is taken on a brush and smeared with her shoes. To give shoes a gloss, it is brushed and rubed evenly with wax and turpentine, colored with soot. From this treatment, the skin becomes very durable.
  • Saving rubberized things. Rubber coat, air bags should not be stored in a dry and warm place. In warm weather, a rubber coat should be hung in a cool place, a well-ventilated room, as well as an air bag, which should be slightly inflated. If you want to return softness and elasticity to a rubber coat and other rubber products, immerse them for 5-30 minutes in a weak solution of liquid ammonia.Back to top

Secrets of darning and knitting

  • When repairing leather goods, it will be easier if you pierce the material with a needle from an old syringe, fixing an ordinary needle with a thread in its hole, which will help it to precisely get to the right place during the return stroke.
  • Great mittens for children are obtained from the old cap with earflaps. Ears are cut from it, a hole is made in them, a finger is sewn on and carried to health.
  • Metal buttons quickly come off due to the fact that the thread frayed edges of the holes. If before you start sewing a button to wrap its edges with the same thread of thread to the coil in one layer, it will last much longer.
  • The oldest way to put a woolen thread into the eye of the needle is to hold its tip, pressing it with your finger over the surface of a piece of soap.
  • The knitted article can be loosened more easily if you hold it for 24 hours in the next solution - add 10 tablespoons of liquid ammonia to the 10 liters of soapy water and one tablespoon of turpentine and wine alcohol, then rinse in warm water with the addition of table vinegar (1 liter of water per liter of water spoon) and dry.
  • Unwrapping a used garment for dressing, wind the threads into soft and light balls.
  • To straighten the used yarn, wrap it around the backs of the two chairs, placed by the seats to each other, tie up in several places with a thread, wash in warm soapy water, rinse well and wring out in a towel. Tie wet skeins to a rope and hang a load from each bottom. Change the position of the coils from time to time.Back to top

Windows and doors

How to avoid window fogging

To avoid this, wipe the glass with a cloth moistened with a solution of 1 part purified glycerin and 20 parts of ordinary (denatured) alcohol. This method is one of the most effective. Approximately every two weeks the glasses are thoroughly wiped with a dry cloth and smeared with a new portion of glycerin.

How to clean glass from ice

In a warm solution of table salt or alum (for 1/2 liter of water, a handful of salt) moisten a sponge or a soft brush and drive it through the frozen glass, which is why the ice quickly melts. When the ice crust disappears, you need to wipe the glass dry. Even better: rub glass with a solution of calcium chloride - ice melts almost instantly.

How to warm the door

1. Take old newspapers.

2. Each newspaper folds into a tube, a little more than the distance between the balcony doors.

3. Place rolls vertically between the doors close to each other, close the doors.

And if you are not going to use the door in the winter, cover all the holes with cotton wool, and on the top, seal all the joints between the door and the jamb with narrow strips of fabric (you can tear the old white sheet) soaked in a strong soap solution.Where the gaps are wide, you can stick it in several layers.

Advantages: white cloths on white shoals are almost invisible; the soap solution doesn’t let through drafts; in the spring everything is cleaned without a trace with a single movement of the hand, stretches, smoothes out and cleans up until next fall.

There is such a sealant - a tubular polyurethane foam (it seems) - such a long white sausage rope of various diameters (from 8 to 25 mm) in section, is inserted into the openings between the frame and window sashes (in the closed state) and fills all the holes. Ten minutes on the window, not blowing, it looks very decent and does not have to tear off in the spring - just pull it out and clean it until next winter.



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