Where is the largest library in the world
History of the founding of the Library of Congress
Founded at the beginning of the 19th century, the Library of Congress was originally located in the Capitol building in Washington. But its archives gradually grew and expanded, so later it moved to another building. The library received its second name in honor of Thomas Jefferson. It was his personal collection of books that formed the basis of the library collection.
The Library of Congress was formed in April 1800, when American President Adams signed a law on the transfer of the capital to Washington from Philadelphia. One of the points of the law provided for the allocation of funds necessary for the purchase of books needed by Congress. It was also allocated a special room for the book depository, where at first the entrance was open only to senior US officials.
The library is constantly updated with new editions. By the mid-60s of the XIX century, its funds amounted to almost a hundred thousand volumes.In those times it was, however, not too much, if we take into account the size of large European libraries. Soon the government of the United States passed a law, according to which a copy of any new publication that appeared on the territory of the country was bound to be transferred to the Library of Congress.At the end of the XIX century, the doors of the library opened for ordinary citizens.
The largest library in the world
Subsequently, three new buildings were built for the Library of Congress, two of them towering on Capitol Hill. To date, this world's largest repository of books contains more than one hundred and thirty million items, which include paper books, manuscripts, cartographic materials, notes, photo documents, video and audio recordings. It affects the linguistic diversity of library materials: about four hundred and seventy languages are represented here.
Anyone over the age of sixteen can access the library’s funds. Here you can only use the archives of the book depository only indoors. And there are a lot of them: the library is equipped with eighteen reading rooms, where nearly a thousand and a half people can fit.Only certain categories of readers have the right to take books out of the building. These are judges of the Supreme Court, members of the US Congress and some other officials.
Each year, the Library of Congress is visited by over one and a half million people. To serve the readers, the library has an impressive staff of more than three and a half thousand. Visitors are provided with convenient reading rooms, in the silence of which you can easily immerse yourself in reading books and studying archival materials. Of course, the Library of Congress is the greatest national treasure of the American people and an object of cultural heritage.
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